NOUVELLES TECNOLOGIES – USA Today – Usa Today est un quotidien national américain fondé en 1982 par Allen Neuharth et publié par Gannett Corporation. Il s’agit du journal le plus diffusé aux États-Unis avec plus de 2,25 millions d’exemplaires écoulés par jour. Maya Vidon a réalisé un article sur l’abord français de la déconnexion nécessaire de l’internet professionnel, pour les salariés. La journaliste d’USA Today cite une étude de Technolgia en appui de son enquête :
(…)Recent technology has dealt a tremendous blow to the French laissez-faire way of life that emphasizes enjoying time off.
But a controversial new bill could give workers the « right to disconnect » during off hours and vacations. The measure is one of a series of changes introduced by President François Hollande’s government to change France’s over-regulated labor market.
Other measures, allowing overtime on top of France’s 35-hour workweek and granting employers more power to hire and fire, have spurred hundreds of thousands of protesters into the streets in recent weeks. Protesters say the government is caving to business interests in hopes of reducing France’s 10% unemployment rate.
The « right to disconnect » legislation, which would go into effect in 2018 if passed, would require companies to encourage employees to turn off phones and other devices after they leave work.
« As a business owner, my life today is to be connected to my company 24/7, » said Nicolas Potier, founder of ACSEO, a start-up that builds Web and mobile applications. « We are already vigilant to the quality of life of our employees. »
He said some of his workers have no problem staying online until a customer is satisfied. « We don’t have a time clock or any equivalent system. It really is a state of mind, » he added.
The law reflects the sense in France that white-collar workers in the digital age are vulnerable to burnout.
Technologia, a risk analysis firm, found that 3.2 million French workers were emotionally exhausted from work and at risk of developing burnout symptoms like exhaustion and chronic stress.
« It is a real problem, » said Yves Lasfargue, a sociologist who specializes in teleworking. « Twenty years ago, before emails had been invented and we could not reach colleagues, we would have to go and knock on their doors. Traditional courtesy teaches you to abstain from disturbing people. With these new tools, this form of courtesy has totally disappeared. This is why we need to legislate. »
France’s powerful labor unions don’t support most of the government’s labor overhauls, but they at least partially support the disconnect measure.
A union survey in November found that 75% of its managers worked at home in the evening. More than 50% of managers said they worked on weekends and holidays, according to UGICT-CGT, a union of engineers, managers and technicians.
The union became aware of the problem after it heard that German automaker Volkswagen shuts down its servers after work so employees can’t send emails. « It made us reflect upon our own work conditions, so we launched our own campaign, » said Sophie Binet, the union’s secretary-general. (…)
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